Feasts of Israel (Part 5)

FEASTS OF ISRAEL (PART 5: TRUMPETS)
(PASTOR LEE JACKSON – FFWC)

I) INTRODUCTION – TODAY WE HAVE OUR 5TH INSTALLMENT OF THE FEASTS OF ISRAEL AND HOW THEY POINTED TO AND WERE FULFILLED BY JESUS CHRIST. WE HAVE SEEN HOW THE FEAST OF PASSOVER, WHICH INCLUDED THE FEASTS OF UNLEAVENED BEAD AND THE FEAST OF FIRST FRUITS REPRESENTS OUR THE FIRST MAJOR ENCOUNTER WITH GOD, THROUGH JESUS CHRIST. THE FEAST OF PASSOVER, AS FULFILLED BY JESUS CHRIST ENABLES US TO HAVE PEACE WITH GOD THROUGH JESUS CHRIST. THE FEAST OF PENTECOST REPRESENTS THE SECOND MAJOR ENCOUNTER WITH GOD. THE FEAST OF PENTECOST, AS FULFILLED IN THE BOOK OF ACTS, GAVE BIRTH TO THE CHURCH AND GIVES US THE POWER TO BE HIS WITNESSES. TODAY WE WILL MINISTER ON THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES, WHICH INCLUDES THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS AND THE THE DAY OF ATONEMENT. THESE FEASTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES, LIKE THE FEASTS OF PASSOVER, WERE TO CELEBRATED IN JERUSALEM, AS A HOLY CONVOCATION, ESTABLISHED BY GOD. THE CELEBRATION OF THESE FEASTS BEGAN WITH THE CELEBRATION OF THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS, FOLLOWED 10 DAYS LATER WITH THE DAY OF ATONEMENT AND CONCLUDED WITH THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES. WE WILL SEE IN THE COURSE OF THIS STUDY THAT THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES WERE ESTABLISHED BY GOD TO GIVE REST TO ISRAEL AND AS FULFILLED BY JESUS CHRIST TO BRING REST TO HIS CHURCH AND THE NATION OF ISRAEL. DURING THE COURSE OF END-TIME EVENTS. THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES, UNLIKE THE FEAST OF PASSOVER AND THE FEAST OF PENTECOST HAS NOT YET BEEN FULFILLED BY CHRIST; THE FULFILLMENT OF THIS FEAST IS STILL IN THE FUTURE. .

WE WILL BEGIN OUR STUDY ON THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS, THE FIRST OF THE FEASTS OF THE TABERNACLES WHICH IS KNOWN AS ROSH HASHANAH, WHICH IN HEBREW MEANS THE HEAD OR BEGINNING OF THE YEAR. IT IS CELEBRATED ON THE FIRST DAY OF THE JEWISH CIVIL CALENDAR. THIS FESTIVAL IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE DAY OF JUDGMENT, WHEN GOD SITS ON HIS THRONE AND DETERMINES THE DESTINY OF EACH INDIVIDUAL IN THE NEW YEAR AHEAD.

II) HISTORICAL SETTING OF THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS: LEVITICUS 23:23-25
A) THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES WHICH INCLUDED THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS WAS ALSO CALLED THE FEAST OF INGATHERING (EX. 23:16). IT WAS CELEBRATED AFTER A LONG SUMMER OF THE HEBREW MONTHS OF TAMMUZ, AB, AND ELUL.
B) THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS WAS TO BE CELEBRATED ON THE FIRST DAY OF THE SEVENTH MONTH, THE HEBREW MONTH OF TSHRI, A THE END OF THE HARVEST SEASON.
C) THE MONTH OF TSHRI WAS THE BEGINNING OF THE JEWISH CIVIL NEW YEAR. IT IS A CELEBRATION OF THE EARTH’S BIRTHDAY IN JEWISH TRADITION.
D) IT WAS A HOLY CONVOCATION THAT BEGAN WITH THE BLOWING OF TRUMPETS OR RAM’S HORN (SHOFAR). IT WOULD NOT BE BLOWN AS IT WAS WHEN IT PREPARED ISRAEL FOR BATTLE, AS WHEN ISRAEL SURROUNDED JERICHO, UNDER JOSHUA’S LEADERSHIP. THE TRUMPET WAS BLOWN EXTRA LONG, IN REMEMBRANCE OF THE RAM THAT WAS SACRIFICED BY ABRAHAM IN THE PLACE OF ISAAC. (GEN. 22:13)
E) THE RAMS HORN WAS SOUNDED: TO BRING MOSES TO THE TOP OF THE MOUNTAIN TO RECEIVE THE COMMANDMENTS (EX 19:19-20); IN A TIME OF WAR (JUDGES 3:27); TO START THE YEAR OF JUBILEE ON THE DAY OF ATONEMENT (LEV 25:9 DURING THE CORONATION OF A KING (1 KINGS 3:34 (KING SOLOMON); IT WAS A SIGN OF THE GATHERING OF DISPERSED ISRAEL (ISA 27:13); IN TIME OF DANGER (AMOS 3:6); AND MOST OF ALL, IT WOULD ANNOUNCE THE COMING OF MESSIAH (ZECH 9:14)
F) THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS ANNOUNCED THE BEGINNING OF A SABBATH REST, GIVEN BY GOD. THEY WERE TO SET ASIDE THEIR DAILY WORK AND THEIR DAILY ROUTINE DURING THIS CELEBRATION.
G) THIS FEAST, AS ALL THE OTHERS, WAS TO BE ACCOMPANIED BY AN OFFERING BY FIRE. A FREE WILL OFFERING TO GOD FOR ATONEMENT FOR THEIR SINS – A REMINDER THAT WE CANNOT WORSHIP GOD IN TRUTH OR THANK HIM SINCERELY OR CELEBRATE HIS COVENANT UNTIL OUR SINS ARE ATONED FOR.
H) THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS WAS CELEBRATED AS THE “CORONATION DAY”, A CELEBRATION OF GOD’S KINGSHIP AS EXPRESSED BY PSALM 98:4 – 6: SHOUT FOR JOY TO THE LORD, ALL THE EARTH, BURST INTO JUBILANT SONG WITH MUSIC; 5 MAKE MUSIC TO THE LORD WITH THE HARP, WITH THE HARP AND THE SOUND OF SINGING, WITH TRUMPETS AND THE BLAST OF THE RAM’S HORN– SHOUT FOR JOY BEFORE THE LORD, THE KING. ISRAEL’S KINGS WERE CROWNED ON THIS DAY.
I) IT WAS ALSO A DAY OF JUDGMENT. JEWISH TRADITION PICTURES GOD SETTING ON THE THRONE OF JUDGMENT BETWEEN THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS AND THE DAY OF ATONEMENT. DURING THIS TIME THEY WERE TO PREPARE THEMSELVES FOR THE DAY OF ATONEMENT BY MEDITATION ON GOD’S WORD, SOUL SEARCHING AND DRAWING NEAR TO GOD. THEY BELIEVED THAT IF THEY REPENTED BY THE DAY OF ATONEMENT THEIR NAMES WOULD BE WRITTEN IN THE “BOOK OF RIGHTEOUSNESS”. (SEE HOSEA 14:1 – 9)
J) IT WAS THE LAST RELIGIOUS FESTIVAL OF THE RELIGIOUS YEAR. IT WAS THE TIME WHEN GOD WOULD FINALIZE HIS DEALINGS WITH ISRAEL FOR THAT SEASON.

III) HOW JESUS WILL FULFILL THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS (ROSH HASHANA)
A) THE RAM’S HORN OR SHOFAR WAS THE WAS BE BLOWN EXTRA LONG, IN REMEMBRANCE OF THE RAM THAT WAS SACRIFICED BY ABRAHAM IN THE PLACE OF ISAAC. (GEN. 22:13) GOD HAD TESTED ABRAHAM BY ASKING HIM TO SACRIFICE HIS SON, HIS ONLY SON, ON A MOUNTAIN CALLED MORIAH, WHICH LATER BECAME MOUNT CALVARY, WHERE THE SON OF GOD WAS SACRIFICED FOR THE SINS OF THE WORLD. THAT RAM WAS A TYPE OF CHRIST; HE WAS OUR SUBSTITUTE. HE TOOK OUR PLACE, DYING FOR OUR SINS.
B) THE LONG SUMMER WITHOUT JEWISH RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS IS A PICTURE OF THE AGE OF THE CHURCH, DURING WHICH TURNED TO THE GENTILES BECAUSE THE JEWS REJECTED CHRIST AS THE MESSIAH. IT WAS THE GENTILES WHO WERE BLESSED OF GOD TO SPREAD THE GOSPEL TO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH, BUT GOD HAS NOT FORGOTTEN ISRAEL NOR HIS PROMISES TO ABRAHAM, ISAAC AND JACOB, DAVID AND SOLOMON.
C)
ROSH HASHANA, THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS, IS A PICTURE OF THE SABBATH REST THAT CHRIST BRINGS TO HIS CHURCH AND TO ISRAEL. GOD WILL ULTIMATELY BRING TOGETHER AND FULFILL HIS COVENANT WITH THE JEWS AND GENTILES IN CHRIST.
D) FOR THE CHURCH THE REST OF THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS IS SIGNALED BY THE TRUMPET OF GOD WHICH ACCOMPANIES CHRIST’S RETURN FOR HIS BRIDE:
1) 1COR 15:51 – 53 (NIV) BEHOLD, I SHOW YOU A MYSTERY; WE SHALL NOT ALL SLEEP, BUT WE SHALL ALL BE CHANGED, 52 IN A MOMENT, IN THE TWINKLING OF AN EYE, AT THE LAST TRUMP: FOR THE TRUMPET SHALL SOUND, AND THE DEAD SHALL BE RAISED INCORRUPTIBLE, AND WE SHALL BE CHANGED. 53 FOR THIS CORRUPTIBLE MUST PUT ON INCORRUPTION, AND THIS MORTAL MUST PUT ON IMMORTALITY.
2) 1TH 4:16 – 17 (NIV) FOR THE LORD HIMSELF WILL COME DOWN FROM HEAVEN, WITH A LOUD COMMAND, WITH THE VOICE OF THE ARCHANGEL AND WITH THE TRUMPET CALL OF GOD, AND THE DEAD IN CHRIST WILL RISE FIRST. 17 AFTER THAT, WE WHO ARE STILL ALIVE AND ARE LEFT WILL BE CAUGHT UP TOGETHER WITH THEM IN THE CLOUDS TO MEET THE LORD IN THE AIR. AND SO WE WILL BE WITH THE LORD FOREVER.
E) FOR ISRAEL THE REST COMES AFTER MESSIAH (JESUS) COMES TO DELIVER ISRAEL FROM ITS ENEMIES SURROUNDING JERUSALEM, TO JUDGE THE EARTH AND TO ESTABLISH HIS RULE ON EARTH (ZECH 14, REV 19)
REV 19:11 – 16 (NIV) I SAW HEAVEN STANDING OPEN AND THERE BEFORE ME WAS A WHITE HORSE, WHOSE RIDER IS CALLED FAITHFUL AND TRUE. WITH JUSTICE HE JUDGES AND MAKES WAR. 12 HIS EYES ARE LIKE BLAZING FIRE, AND ON HIS HEAD ARE MANY CROWNS. HE HAS A NAME WRITTEN ON HIM THAT NO ONE KNOWS BUT HE HIMSELF. 13 HE IS DRESSED IN A ROBE DIPPED IN BLOOD, AND HIS NAME IS THE WORD OF GOD. 14 THE ARMIES OF HEAVEN WERE FOLLOWING HIM, RIDING ON WHITE HORSES AND DRESSED IN FINE LINEN, WHITE AND CLEAN. 15 OUT OF HIS MOUTH COMES A SHARP SWORD WITH WHICH TO STRIKE DOWN THE NATIONS. “HE WILL RULE THEM WITH AN IRON SCEPTER.” HE TREADS THE WINEPRESS OF THE FURY OF THE WRATH OF GOD ALMIGHTY. 16 ON HIS ROBE AND ON HIS THIGH HE HAS THIS NAME WRITTEN: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
F) ROSH HASHANA IS A PICTURE THE CORONATION OF CHRIST AS THE KING WHO WILL SIT ON DAVID’S THRONE (REV 19, PSALMS 110)
PSA 110:1-3, 5 (NIV) THE LORD SAYS TO MY LORD: “SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND UNTIL I MAKE YOUR ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR YOUR FEET.” 2 THE LORD WILL EXTEND YOUR MIGHTY SCEPTER FROM ZION; YOU WILL RULE IN THE MIDST OF YOUR ENEMIES. 3 YOUR TROOPS WILL BE WILLING ON YOUR DAY OF BATTLE. ARRAYED IN HOLY MAJESTY, FROM THE WOMB OF THE DAWN YOU WILL RECEIVE THE DEW OF YOUR YOUTH. …. 5 THE LORD IS AT YOUR RIGHT HAND; HE WILL CRUSH KINGS ON THE DAY OF HIS WRATH. 6 HE WILL JUDGE THE NATIONS, HEAPING UP THE DEAD AND CRUSHING THE RULERS OF THE WHOLE EARTH.
G) ROSH HASHANA AND THE DAYS THAT FOLLOW BEFORE THE DAY OF ATONEMENT IS A PICTURE OF THE TRIBULATION PERIOD WHEN THE EYES OF THE JEWS WILL BE OPENED TO RECOGNIZE THEIR MESSIAH AND DRAW NEAR TO GOD.
ROM 11:25 – 28 (NIV) I DO NOT WANT YOU TO BE IGNORANT OF THIS MYSTERY, BROTHERS, SO THAT YOU MAY NOT BE CONCEITED: ISRAEL HAS EXPERIENCED A HARDENING IN PART UNTIL THE FULL NUMBER OF THE GENTILES HAS COME IN. 26 AND SO ALL ISRAEL WILL BE SAVED, AS IT IS WRITTEN: “THE DELIVERER WILL COME FROM ZION; HE WILL TURN GODLESSNESS AWAY FROM JACOB. 27 AND THIS IS MY COVENANT WITH THEM WHEN I TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS.” 28 AS FAR AS THE GOSPEL IS CONCERNED, THEY ARE ENEMIES ON YOUR ACCOUNT; BUT AS FAR AS ELECTION IS CONCERNED, THEY ARE LOVED ON ACCOUNT OF THE PATRIARCHS,
H) ROSH HASHANA WAS THE LAST RELIGIOUS FESTIVAL OF THE RELIGIOUS YEAR FOR THE JEWS. WHEN JESUS COMES BACK IT WAS THE TIME WHEN GOD WOULD FINALIZE HIS DEALINGS WITH ISRAEL FOR THAT SEASON.

IV) PERSONAL APPLICATION OF THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS (ROSH HASHANA). – THE TRADITIONAL JEWISH WEDDING IS A PICTURE OF CHRIST’S RETURN FOR HIS CHURCH
A) THE GROOM TO BE WOULD GO TO THE BRIDE’S HOUSE AND MAKE A CONTRACT (COVENANT) WITH THE GIRL’S FATHER.
B) IF THE FATHER ACCEPTED HIS BRIDE PRICE, THE MAN WOULD POUR A GLASS OF WINE. IF THE GIRL DRANK IT THIS WOULD INDICATE THAT SHE ACCEPTED THE MAN’S PROPOSAL AND THEY WERE BETROTHED.
C) THE MAN WOULD GO AWAY AND PREPARE A WEDDING CHAMBER FOR HIS BETROTHED. WHEN THE MAN’S FATHER DEEMED THE WEDDING CHAMBER WAS READY, USUALLY ONE TO TWO YEARS LATER, THE MAN WOULD RETURN TO THE BRIDES HOUSE AND STEAL HER AWAY LIKE “A THIEF IN THE NIGHT”.
D) DURING THIS TIME THE GROOM’S FATHER WOULD HOLD A PARTY TO ANNOUNCE THE MARRIAGE. AT THE END OF THE 7TH DAY, THE MARRIED COUPLE WOULD EMERGE FROM THE BRIDAL CHAMBER AND PARTAKE OF THE MARRIAGE SUPPER.
E) JESUS CAME 2000 YEARS AGO TO BETROTH HIS BRIDE, HIS CHURCH. THE CONTRACT (COVENANT) WAS SEALED AT THE LAST SUPPER WHEN JESUS SHARED THE CUP WITH HIS DISCIPLES SAYING “THIS IS MY BODY WHICH IS BROKEN FOR YOU. THIS IS THE MY BLOOD OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, WHICH IS SHED FOR MANY…
F) JESUS SAID IN JOHN 14 “I GO TO PREPARE A PLACE FOR YOU AND IF I GO I WILL COME AGAIN AND RECEIVE YOU ONTO MYSELF…” JESUS PAID THE BRIDE PRICE WITH HIS LIFE.
G) REV 19:7 – 9 LET US REJOICE AND BE GLAD AND GIVE HIM GLORY! FOR THE WEDDING OF THE LAMB HAS COME, AND HIS BRIDE HAS MADE HERSELF READY. 8 FINE LINEN, BRIGHT AND CLEAN, WAS GIVEN HER TO WEAR.” (FINE LINEN STANDS FOR THE RIGHTEOUS ACTS OF THE SAINTS.) 9 THEN THE ANGEL SAID TO ME, “WRITE: ‘BLESSED ARE THOSE WHO ARE INVITED TO THE WEDDING SUPPER OF THE LAMB!'” AND HE ADDED, “THESE ARE THE TRUE WORDS OF GOD.”

V) CONCLUSION: MANY BIBLE SCHOLARS THINK THAT JESUS WILL COME BACK TO EARTH DURING THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS. THERE IS GOOD REASON TO BELIEVE THIS THE ANCIENT FEASTS OF ISRAEL ARE TO BE FULFILLED IN CHRIST WHOM GOD HATH APPOINTED HEIR OF ALL THINGS. JESUS WAS CRUCIFIED (SACRIFICED) ON THE JEWISH FEAST OF PASSOVER; THE HOLY SPIRIT WAS GIVEN ON THE JEWISH FEAST OF PENTECOST. THE NEXT FEAST IN THE JEWISH RELIGIOUS CALENDAR IS THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS. I PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT JESUS WILL FULFILL THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS WHEN HE RETURNS TO TAKE HIS CHURCH, HIS BRIDE HOME TO LIVE WITH HIM. THIS YEAR, ROSH HASHANAH, THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS, BEGINS SUNSET SEPTEMBER 22, 2006 AND WILL BE CONCLUDED AT NIGHTFALL SEPTEMBER 24, 2006. IF JESUS WERE TO COME BACK THIS YEAR WILL YOU BE READY? (SONG “ARE YOUR WASHED IN THE BLOOD” PAGE 236)

 

 

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